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Disordered cellular migration and angiogenesis in cd39-null mice
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2001 (English)In: Circulation, ISSN 0009-7322, E-ISSN 1524-4539, Vol. 104, no 25, 3109-3115 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-1 (NTPDase1)/CD39 is the major ectonucleotidase of endothelial cells and monocytes and catalyzes phosphohydrolysis of extracellular nucleoside diphosphates (NDP) and triphosphates (NTP, eg, ATP and UTP). Deletion of cd39 causes perturbations in the hydrolysis of NTP and NDP in the vasculature. Activation of P2 receptors appears to influence endothelial cell chemotactic and mitogenic responses in vitro. Therefore, aberrant regulation of nucleotide P2 receptors may influence angiogenesis in cd39-null mice. Methods and Results- In control mice, implanted Matrigel plugs containing growth factors were rapidly populated by monocyte/macrophages, endothelial cells, and pericytes, with the development of new vessels over days. In cd39-null mice, migrating cells were completely confined to the tissue-Matrigel interface in a clearly stratified manner. Absolute failure of new vessel ingrowth was consistently observed in the mutant mice. Linked to these findings, chemotaxis of cd39-null monocyte/macrophages to nucleotides was impaired in vitro. This abnormality was associated with desensitization of nucleotide receptor P2Y-mediated signaling pathways. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate a role for NTPDase1 and phosphohydrolysis of extracellular nucleotides in the regulation of the cellular infiltration and new vessel growth in a model of angiogenesis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 104, no 25, 3109-3115 p.
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Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-63323DOI: 10.1161/​hc5001.100663PubMedID: 11748109OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-63323DiVA: diva2:91234
Available from: 2008-10-17 Created: 2008-10-17 Last updated: 2013-07-25Bibliographically approved

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