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Acute stress among adolescents and female rape victims measured by ASC-Kids: A pilot study
Linkoping Univ, Dept Behav Sci & Learning, Psychol Sect, SE-58183 Linkoping, Sweden..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital.
Linkoping Univ, Dept Behav Sci & Learning, Psychol Sect, SE-58183 Linkoping, Sweden..
Linkoping Univ, Dept Behav Sci & Learning, Psychol Sect, SE-58183 Linkoping, Sweden..
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2015 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 69, no 7, 539-545 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Background: Rape is considered a stressful trauma and often with durable consequences. How the aftermath of rape is for young adolescents' girls considering acute stress is an overlooked field and remains to be studied. Aims: In this study, we wanted to investigate acute stress among adolescent victims of rape and the psychometric properties of the Acute Stress Checklist for Children (ASC-Kids). Methods: A clinical sample (n = 79) of raped girls, 13 - 17 years old who had turned to a special rape victim unit for treatment, answered the ASC-Kids. ASC-Kids was also given to a group of minor stressed, non-raped adolescents in the same age range (n = 154) together with the University of California at Los Angeles Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index (UCLA PTSD RI), and the Sense of Coherence Scale 13 (SOC-13). Results : The scores from the groups were compared and showed significant differences in mean values on all the diagnostic criteria of acute stress disorder. In the clinical group, 36.7% obtained full ASD criteria. ASC-Kids could discriminate well between groups. Cronbach's alpha was found to be excellent, and the correlation between the UCLA PTSD RI and ASC-Kids found to be good; both ASC-Kids and UCLA PTSD RI had a good and moderate negative correlation with SOC-13. Conclusion: Adolescent female rape victims were shown to have a very high level of acute stress, and the ASC-Kids was found to have sound psychometrics and can be a valuable screening instrument to support clinicians in their assessments of an indication of adolescents after potentially stressful events such as rape.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 69, no 7, 539-545 p.
Keyword [en]
Acute stress, Adolescents, ASC-Kids, Psychometrics, Rape
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-280975DOI: 10.3109/08039488.2015.1013056ISI: 000369972000007PubMedID: 25732866OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-280975DiVA: diva2:912428
Available from: 2016-03-16 Created: 2016-03-16 Last updated: 2016-04-01Bibliographically approved

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Nordenstam, CarinLundin, Tom
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