Localization of nitric oxide synthase isoforms in the human cochlea
2001 (English)In: Acta Oto-Laryngologica, ISSN 0001-6489, Vol. 121, no 4, 454-459 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The location of nitric oxide (NO) in the structures of the cochlea is a topical issue. Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) has been detected previously in mammalian cochleae, but information on its presence in the human cochlea is still sparse. The location of NOS isoforms I, II and III in substructures of the human cochlea was studied by immunohistochemistry (fluorescein isothiocyanate technique) using monoclonal antibodies to NOS I, II and III. NOS I was the predominant isoform and staining could be observed in cells of the spiral ganglion (SG), in nerve fibres and in the outer hair cells (OHC). Furthermore, the supporting cells of the organ of Corti and the stria vascularis showed a fluorescent reaction to NOS I. Staining for NOS III was less intense and was located in the OHC, supporting cells and SG cells, while the stria vascularis remained unstained. By contrast, NOS II showed weak staining in a few neuron fibres only. The results imply that NO in the human cochlea could act as a neurotransmitter/neuromodulator at the level of neural cells and may be involved in the physiology of the supporting cells and stria vascularis. Moreover, because NO is both a mediator of excitotoxicity and a non-specifically toxic radical, it may also play a role in neurotoxicity of the human cochlea.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 121, no 4, 454-459 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-63371PubMedID: 11508503OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-63371DiVA: diva2:91282