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Stretchable thermoelectric generators metallized with liquid alloy
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0001-3197
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
Chalmers, Dept Microtechnol & Nanosci MC2, Kemivagen 9, SE-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden.
Univ Appl Sci & Arts Western Switzerland, Inst Micro & Nano Tech, CH-1401 Yverdon, Switzerland.
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2017 (English)In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, E-ISSN 1944-8252, Vol. 9, no 18, 15791-15797 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Conventional thermoelectric generators (TEGs) are normally hard, rigid, and flat. However, most objects have curvy surfaces, which require soft and even stretchable TEGs for maximizing efficiency of thermal energy harvesting. Here, soft and stretchable TEGs using conventional rigid Bi2Te3 pellets metallized with a liquid alloy is reported. The fabrication is implemented by means of a tailored layer-by-layer fabrication process. The STEGs exhibit an output power density of 40.6 mu W/cm(2) at room temperature. The STEGs are operational after being mechanically stretched-and-released more than 1000 times, thanks to the compliant contact between the liquid alloy interconnects and the rigid pellets. The demonstrated interconnect scheme will provide a new route to the development of soft and stretchable energy-harvesting avenues for a variety of emerging electronic applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 9, no 18, 15791-15797 p.
National Category
Energy Engineering Textile, Rubber and Polymeric Materials Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-281213DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b04752ISI: 000401307100064PubMedID: 28453282OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-281213DiVA: diva2:913255
Funder
Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research , EM11-0002, SE13-0061Swedish Research Council, 621-2014-5596
Available from: 2016-03-21 Created: 2016-03-21 Last updated: 2017-07-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Soft Intelligence: Liquids Matter in Compliant Microsystems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Soft Intelligence: Liquids Matter in Compliant Microsystems
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Soft matter, here, liquids and polymers, have adaptability to a surrounding geometry. They intrinsically have advantageous characteristics from a mechanical perspective, such as flowing and wetting on surrounding surfaces, giving compliant, conformal and deformable behavior. From the behavior of soft matter for heterogeneous surfaces, compliant structures can be engineered as embedded liquid microstructures or patterned liquid microsystems for emerging compliant microsystems.

Recently, skin electronics and soft robotics have been initiated as potential applications that can provide soft interfaces and interactions for a human-machine interface. To meet the design parameters, developing soft material engineering aimed at tuning material properties and smart processing techniques proper to them are to be highly encouraged. As promising candidates, Ga-based liquid alloys and silicone-based elastomers have been widely applied to proof-of-concept compliant structures.

In this thesis, the liquid alloy was employed as a soft and stretchable electrical and thermal conductor (resistor), interconnect and filler in an elastomer structure. Printing-based liquid alloy patterning techniques have been developed with a batch-type, parallel processing scheme. As a simple solution, tape transfer masking was combined with a liquid alloy spraying technique, which provides robust processability. Silicone elastomers could be tunable for multi-functional building blocks by liquid or liquid-like soft solid inclusions. The liquid alloy and a polymer additive were introduced to the silicone elastomer by a simple mixing process. Heterogeneous material microstructures in elastomer networks successfully changed mechanical, thermal and surface properties.

To realize a compliant microsystem, these ideas have in practice been useful in designing and fabricating soft and stretchable systems. Many different designs of the microsystems have been fabricated with the developed techniques and materials, and successfully evaluated under dynamic conditions. The compliant microsystems work as basic components to build up a whole system with soft materials and a processing technology for our emerging society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2016. 93 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1357
Keyword
Liquid, Elastomer, Cross-linking, Liquid alloy, PDMS, Adaptability, Compliance, Interface, Patterning, Printing, Surface energy, Wetting, Composite, Modulus, Stretchability, Viscoelasticity, Thermal conductivity, Contact resistance, Adhesion, Packaging, Integration, Microsystems, Microfluidics, Strain sensor, Thermoelectrics, Inductive coupling, Wireless communication, Stretchable electron-ics, Epidermal electronics, Skin electronics, Soft robotics, Wearable electronics
National Category
Composite Science and Engineering Textile, Rubber and Polymeric Materials Energy Engineering Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified Embedded Systems Robotics
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Microsystems Technology; Engineering Science with specialization in Materials Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-281281 (URN)978-91-554-9521-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-05-11, Polhemsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 09:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-04-19 Created: 2016-03-21 Last updated: 2016-04-21

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Jeong, Seung HeeCruz, JavierWu, ZhigangHjort, KlasZhang, Shi-LiZhang, Zhi-Bin

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