uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Obesity related eating behaviour patterns in Swedish preschool children and association with age, gender, relative weight and parental weight - factorial validation of the Children’s Eating Behaviour Questionnaire
Show others and affiliations
2011 (English)In: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, ISSN 1479-5868, E-ISSN 1479-5868, Vol. 8, 134- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The Children’s Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) is a multi-dimensional, parent-reported questionnaire measuring children’s eating behaviours related to obesity risk, i.e. ‘enjoyment of food’, ‘food responsiveness’, ‘slowness in eating’ and ‘satiety responsiveness’. It has not previously been validated in a Swedish population, neither on children under the age of 2 years. In the present study we examined the factor structure and the reliability of the Swedish version of the CEBQ, for use in an obesity intervention programme targeting preschool children 1-6 years. Further, the associations between eating behaviours and children’s age, gender and relative weight (BMI SDS) and parental weight were investigated.

Methods: Parents to 174 children aged 1-6 years (50% girls, mean age 3.8 years), recruited from five kindergartens in Stockholm, completed the Swedish version of the CEBQ. Data on children’s weight and height, parental weight, height and educational level was collected. Children’s relative weight was calculated for a subpopulation (mean BMI SDS -0.4, n = 47). Factorial validation (Principal Component Analysis) on all CEBQ items was performed.

Differences in eating behaviours by age, gender and parental weight were examined. Correlations between eating behaviours and the child’s BMI SDS were analysed controlling for age, gender, parental weight and education in linear regression analyses.

Results: The factor analysis revealed a seven factor solution with good psychometric properties, similar to the original structure. The behaviour scales ‘overeating’/’food responsiveness’, ‘enjoyment of food’ and ‘emotional undereating’ decreased with age and ‘food fussiness’ increased with age. Eating behaviours did not differ between girls and boys. The children’s relative weight was not related to any of the eating behaviours when controlling for age, gender, parental weight and education, and only associated with parental weight status.

Conclusions: Our results support the use of the CEBQ as a psychometric instrument for assessing children’s eating behaviours in Swedish children aged 1-6 years. Measuring obesity related eating behaviours in longitudinal and interventional studies would offer opportunities for studying causal effects of eating behaviours in the development of obesity in children.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 8, 134- p.
Keyword [en]
Eating behaviour, CEBQ, children, obesity, factorial validation
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Food, Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-281417OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-281417DiVA: diva2:914169
Available from: 2016-03-23 Created: 2016-03-23 Last updated: 2017-11-30

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Authority records BETA

Nowicka, Paulina

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Nowicka, Paulina
In the same journal
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Other Social Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 190 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf