Boundary Estimates for Solutions to Parabolic Equations
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
This thesis concerns the boundary behavior of solutions to parabolic equations. It consists of a comprehensive summary and four scientific papers. The equations concerned are different generalizations of the heat equation.
Paper I concerns the solutions to non-linear parabolic equations with linear growth. For non-negative solutions that vanish continuously on the lateral boundary of an NTA cylinder the following main results are established: a backward Harnack inequality, the doubling property for the Riesz measure associated with such solutions, and the Hölder continuityof the quotient of two such solutions up to the boundary.
Paper 2 concerns the solutions to linear degenerate parabolic equations, where the degeneracy is controlled by a Muckenhoupt weight of class 1+2/n. For non-negative solutions that vanish continuously on the lateral boundary of an NTA cylinder the following main results are established: a backward Harnack inequality, the doubling property for the parabolic measure, and the Hölder continuity of the quotient of two such solutions up to the boundary.
Paper 3 concerns a fractional heat equation. The first main result is that a solution to the fractional heat equation in Euclidean space of dimension n can be extended as a solution to a certain linear degenerate parabolic equation in the upper half space of dimension n+1. The second main result is the Hölder continuity of quotients of two non-negative solutions that vanish continuously on the latteral boundary of a Lipschitz domain.
Paper 4 concerns the solutions to uniformly parabolic linear equations with complex coefficients. The first main result is that under certain assumptions on the opperator the bounds for the single layer potentials associated to the opperator are bounded. The second main result is that these bounds always hold if the opperator is realvalued and symmetric.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Department of Mathematics , 2016. , 50 p.
Uppsala Dissertations in Mathematics, ISSN 1401-2049 ; 93
Uniformly parabolic equations, non-linear parabolic equations, linear growth, degenerate parabolic equations, fractional heat equations, complex coefficients, Lipschitz domain, NTA domain, boundary behaviour, boundary Harnack, parabolic measure, Riesz measure, Dirichlet to Neumann map, single layer potentials.
Mathematics Mathematical Analysis
Research subject Mathematics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-281451ISBN: 978-91-506-2539-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-281451DiVA: diva2:914466
2016-05-13, Polhemsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
Kinnunen, Juha, Professor
Nyström, Kaj, ProfessorKlimek, Maciej, Professor
List of papers