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Iron phthalocyanine on copper nitride: geometry, spin state, and modification by pyridine adsorption
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(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Using a monolayer of iron phthalocyanine adsorbed on the Au(111) surface and on a Cu(111)-supported two-dimensional copper nitride layer, we show how the modification of the support can influence the electronic and magnetic properties of an adsorbed transition metal complex. The two systems have been studied by a combination of electron spectroscopy and first principles theoretical calculations, which included modelling of the van der Waals interactions. For adsorption of iron phthalocyanine on the Cu(100)c(2x2)-2N/Cu(111) surface we find several different adsorbate structures at different surface sites, which all have very similar energies. Depending on the adsorption site - above a support nitrogen or a support copper atom - the spin magnetic moment of the molecular iron ion assumes different values. Although pyridine adsorption on the iron phthalocyanine monolayer reduces the spin magnetic moments for all phthalocyanine adsorption sites, the difference between the different sites persists: only for the iron phthalocyanine adsorbates with the central iron ion above a support nitrogen atom the spin is quenched completely, while a residual spin magnetic moment is found for the adsorption structures with the iron ion above a copper atom. The results illustrate clearly the relevance of the support as a ligand to the central ion.

National Category
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-281585OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-281585DiVA: diva2:914647
Available from: 2016-03-24 Created: 2016-03-24 Last updated: 2016-04-29
In thesis
1. Complex Excitations in Advanced Functional Materials
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Complex Excitations in Advanced Functional Materials
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Understanding the fundamental electronic properties of materials is a key step to develop innovations in many fields of technology. For example, this has allowed to design molecular based devices like organic field effect transistors, organic solar cells and molecular switches.

In this thesis, the properties of advanced functional materials, in particular metal-organic molecules and molecular building blocks of 2D materials, are investigated by means of Density Functional Theory (DFT), the GW approximation (GWA) and the Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE), also in conjunction with experimental studies. The main focus is on calculations aiming to understand spectroscopic results.

In detail, the molecular architectures of lutetium-bis-phthalocyanine (LuPc2) on clean and hydrogenated vicinal Si(100)2×1, and of the biphenylene molecule on Cu(111) were analysed by means of X-ray Photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Near Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy; DFT calculations were performed to obtain insights into the atomic and electronic structures. Furthermore, detailed information about the electronic states of the gas phase iron phthalocyanine (FePc) and of the gas phase biphenylene molecule were obtained through XPS and NEXAFS spectroscopy. I have studied by means of DFT, multiplet and GWA calculations the electronic correlation effects in these systems. Also the optical, electronic and excitonic properties of a hypothetical 2D material based on the biphenylene molecule were investigated by GWA and BSE calculations. Monolayers of metal-free phthalocyanine (H2Pc) on Au(111) and of FePc on Au(111) and Cu(100)c(2×2)-2N/Cu(111) with and without pyridine modifier were studied by XPS and final state calculations. A multiplet approach to compute L-edges employing the hybridizations function, known from dynamical mean field theory, was proposed and applied to transition metal oxides.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2016. 90 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1365
X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy, Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Adsorption, Phthalocyanines, Biphenylene, Excitons, Functional Materials
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-282151 (URN)978-91-554-9543-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-05-13, Å80101, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 09:15 (English)
Available from: 2016-04-22 Created: 2016-04-03 Last updated: 2016-04-29

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