Functional inactivation of the SR family of splicing factors during a vaccinia virus infection
2002 (English)In: EMBO Reports, ISSN 1469-221X, E-ISSN 1469-3178, Vol. 3, no 11, 1088-1093 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
SR proteins are essential splicing factors required for constitutive splicing and function as key regulators of alternative RNA splicing. We have shown that SR proteins purified from late adenovirus-infected cells (SR-Ad) are functionally inactivated as splicing enhancer or splicing repressor proteins by a virus-induced partial de-phosphorylation. Here, we show that SR proteins purified from late vaccinia-virus-infected cells (SR-VV) are also hypo-phosphorylated and functionally inactivated as splicing regulatory proteins. We further show that incubating SR-Ad proteins under conditions that restore the phospho-epitopes to the SR proteins results in the restoration of their activity as splicing enhancer and splicing repressor proteins. Interestingly, re-phosphorylation of SR-VV proteins only partially restored the splicing enhancer or splicing repressor phenotype to the SR proteins. Collectively, our results suggest that viral control of SR protein activity may be a common strategy used by DNA viruses to take control of the host cell RNA splicing machinery.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 3, no 11, 1088-1093 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-63657DOI: 10.1093/embo-reports/kvf217PubMedID: 12393754OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-63657DiVA: diva2:91568