Personality disorders in former child psychiatric patients
2002 (English)In: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, ISSN 1018-8827, E-ISSN 1435-165X, Vol. 11, 289-295 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The present case-control study was undertaken in order to investigate the long-term outcome with respect to personality disorder (PD) symptomatology in former childpsychiatric in-patients as compared to matched controls from the general population. Altogether 359 former patients and 359 controls were invited to participate in the study. Of these, 164 (46%) former patients and 193 (54%) controls approved participation. From these, 137 age and sex-matched pairs with a mean age of 30.7 (SD = 6.8) years were constructed. Adult PD symptomatology was assessed by means of the DSM-IV and ICD-10 PersonalityQuestionnaire (DIP-Q). There were 52 former patients (38%) and 15 controls (10.9%) who fulfilled criteria for at least one DSM-IV self-reported PD. There was a significantly higher prevalence for all specific self-reported PDs in former patients compared to controls. The mean number of disorders was 1.7 (SD = 2.6) in former patients and 0.3 (SD = 0.8) incontrols. Moreover, former patients fulfilled more PD criteria than controls (23 vs. 11; median numbers). The former patients had significantly lower global functioning and more psychosocial problems than the controls. These problems were related to personalitypathology. The results of this study indicate that child psychiatric morbidity seems to increase the risk for adult PD symptomatology. However, the results may be biased by the low participation rate.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 11, 289-295 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-63723DOI: 10.1007/s00787-002-0287-xISI: 000180939400007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-63723DiVA: diva2:91634