Examination of the mechanism behind observed canopy waves
2016 (English)In: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, ISSN 0168-1923, E-ISSN 1873-2240, Vol. 218, 196-203 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
In this paper, we document the existence of wave-like motions above a forest canopy using data taken from a 138 m high tower placed within a forest Characteristics of the waves are examined in relation to their possible effects on wind energy. It is shown that when the wave signal is relatively clean, the phase lag between horizontal and vertical velocity is close to 90, which limits the contribution of the waves to the downward momentum flux. Numerical solutions of the linear wave equations agree with measurements in terms of wave period and the vertical shape of the wave amplitude. Linear analysis show that shear instability is the cause of unstable wave growth, and that the fastest growing unstable wave number typically has a period of 10-100 s. In addition to the shear instability, the linear analysis predicts that under certain conditions instabilities of the Holmboe kind can develop over forests.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 218, 196-203 p.
Holmboe instability, Shear instability, Kelvin-Helmholtz instability, Linear wave theory, Wind power
Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-282284DOI: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2015.11.024ISI: 000370905100018OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-282284DiVA: diva2:916942