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Ingroup identification, identity fusion and the formation of Viking war bands
Simon Fraser Univ, Human Evolutionary Studies Program, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada..
Simon Fraser Univ, Human Evolutionary Studies Program, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology. Uppsala Univ, Archaeol, S-75105 Uppsala, Sweden..
Simon Fraser Univ, Human Evolutionary Studies, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada.;Simon Fraser Univ, Archaeol, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada.;Univ Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB9 1FX, Scotland..
2016 (English)In: World archaeology, ISSN 0043-8243, E-ISSN 1470-1375, Vol. 48, no 1, 35-50 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

The lio, a retinue of warriors sworn to a leader, has long been considered one of the basic armed groups of the Viking Age. However, in recent years the study of lio has been eclipsed by the discussion of larger Viking armies. In this paper, we focus on the key question of how loyalty to the lio was achieved. We argue that two processes that have been intensively studied by psychologists and anthropologists - ingroup identification and identity fusion - would have been important in the formation and operation of lio. In support of this hypothesis, we outline archaeological, historical and literary evidence pertaining to material and psychological identities. The construction of such identities, we contend, would have facilitated the formation of cohesive fighting groups and contributed to their success while operating in the field.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 48, no 1, 35-50 p.
Keyword [en]
lio, war band, identification, identity fusion, ingroup, group cohesion, Viking Age
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-282399DOI: 10.1080/00438243.2015.1100548ISI: 000370660700003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-282399DiVA: diva2:917009
Available from: 2016-04-05 Created: 2016-04-05 Last updated: 2016-04-05Bibliographically approved

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