Åsrunan. Användning och ljudvärde i runsvenska steninskrifter
1990 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
The os-rune: Use and phonetic value in Rune-Swedish inscriptions on stone (English)
The runic alphabet in the Viking Age (ca. 800-1100) only consisted of 16 characters. These did not cover the Rune-Swedish phoneme system. One of the runes, the so-called os-rune, was used for at least 8 different phonemes. By tradition it has been used to date Viking Age runic inscriptions in the Scandinavian countries. The present work investigates the phonetic and phonemic value of the os-rune in Rune-Swedish inscriptions on stone, altogether 1,745 instances in 961 inscriptions. On the basis of the analysis, the accepted view of the chronological value of the os-rune is assessed, and is found to be non-valid. The regional variations in the use of the os-rune are also studied, particularly in the context of individual rune-carvers, but also to see if any dialectal variation is discernable. It is found that there is a marked consistency in the use of the os-rune for either rounded or unrounded vowels. Inscriptions, where both uses occur, are concentrated to one small geographical area. There are also areas, where the use of the os-rune for rounded vowels is the rule.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Institutionen för nordiska språk , 1990. , 214 p.
Runrön: runologiska bidrag, ISSN 1100-1690 ; 3
runes, runic inscriptions, Rune-Swedish, runology, rune carvers, written language, spelling, nasal vowels, umlaut, dialectology
Research subject Scandinavian Languages
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-282532ISBN: 91-506-0807-XOAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-282532DiVA: diva2:917203
ProjectsDe vikingatida runinskrifternas kronologi
FunderSwedish Research Council
Digitaliserad utgåva 2016, kompletterad med en lista över viktigare rättelser2016-04-052016-04-052016-04-06Bibliographically approved