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Åsrunan. Användning och ljudvärde i runsvenska steninskrifter
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
1990 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
The os-rune: Use and phonetic value in Rune-Swedish inscriptions on stone (English)
Abstract [en]

The runic alphabet in the Viking Age (ca. 800-1100) only consisted of 16 characters. These did not cover the Rune-Swedish phoneme system. One of the runes, the so-called os-rune, was used for at least 8 different phonemes. By tradition it has been used to date Viking Age runic inscriptions in the Scandinavian countries. The present work investigates the phonetic and phonemic value of the os-rune in Rune-Swedish inscriptions on stone, altogether 1,745 instances in 961 inscriptions. On the basis of the analysis, the accepted view of the chronological value of the os-rune is assessed, and is found to be non-valid. The regional variations in the use of the os-rune are also studied, particularly in the context of individual rune-carvers, but also to see if any dialectal variation is discernable. It is found that there is a marked consistency in the use of the os-rune for either rounded or unrounded vowels. Inscriptions, where both uses occur, are concentrated to one small geographical area. There are also areas, where the use of the os-rune for rounded vowels is the rule.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Institutionen för nordiska språk , 1990. , 214 p.
Runrön: runologiska bidrag, ISSN 1100-1690 ; 3
Keyword [en]
runes, runic inscriptions, Rune-Swedish, runology, rune carvers, written language, spelling, nasal vowels, umlaut, dialectology
National Category
Research subject
Scandinavian Languages
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-282532ISBN: 91-506-0807-XOAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-282532DiVA: diva2:917203
De vikingatida runinskrifternas kronologi
Swedish Research Council

Digitaliserad utgåva 2016, kompletterad med en lista över viktigare rättelser

Available from: 2016-04-05 Created: 2016-04-05 Last updated: 2016-04-06Bibliographically approved

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Williams, Henrik
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