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Classes in themselves and for themselves: The practice of monitorial education for different social classes in Sweden, 1820-1843
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education. (Uppsala Studies of History and Education (SHED))ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6803-4010
2016 (English)In: History of Education, ISSN 0046-760X, E-ISSN 1464-5130, Vol. 45, no 5, 511-529 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article investigates the monitorial system of education in Sweden between 1820 and 1843. In contrast to previous research, which has emphasised monitorial education as a method for disciplining poor children, this article compares the use of the method in schools for the working classes and in academic schools. Using concepts such as segmentation and discipline, the article analyses sources from 30 schools for the working classes and 40 academic schools to show how monitorial education was used in different schools. The mechanical exercises used in schools for the working classes were not implemented in the academic schools, where the role of monitors was more that of a teacher than a monitor. As this article demonstrates, these distinctions correspond to the different purposes of the schools. The schools for the working classes were directed towards instilling obedience, while the academic schools sought to awaken self-activity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 45, no 5, 511-529 p.
Keyword [en]
Monitorial education, elementary school, grammar school, class, discipline
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-282833DOI: 10.1080/0046760X.2016.1161081ISI: 000382552500001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-282833DiVA: diva2:917557
Segregation och integration. Genus, klass och medborgarskap i svenskt undervisningsväsende, ca 1800-1850
Swedish Research Council, 721−2013−1228
Available from: 2016-04-07 Created: 2016-04-07 Last updated: 2016-10-12Bibliographically approved

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