Whole body computed tomography for trauma patients in the Nordic countries 2014: survey shows significant differences and a need for common guidelines
2016 (English)In: Acta Radiologica, ISSN 0284-1851, E-ISSN 1600-0455, Vol. 57, no 6, 750-757 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: Whole body computed tomography in trauma (WBCTT) is a standardized CT examination of trauma patients. It has a relatively high radiation dose. Therefore, well-defined clinical indications and imaging protocols are needed. This information regarding Nordic countries is limited.
PURPOSE: To identify Nordic countries' WBCTT imaging protocols, radiation dose, and integration in trauma care, and to inquire about the need for common Nordic guidelines.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A survey with 23 multiple choice questions or free text responses was sent to 95 hospitals and 10 trauma centers in and outside the Nordic region, respectively. The questions were defined and the hospitals selected in collaboration with board members of "Nordic Forum for Trauma and Emergency Radiology" (www.nordictraumarad.com).
RESULTS: Two Nordic hospitals declined to take part in the survey. Out of the remaining 93 Nordic hospitals, 56 completed the questionnaire. Arterial visualization is routine in major trauma centers but only in 50% of the Nordic hospitals. The CT scanner is located within 50 m of the emergency department in all non-Nordic trauma centers but only in 60% of Nordic hospitals. Radiation dose for WBCTT is in the range of 900-3600 mGy × cm. Of the 56 responding Nordic hospitals, 84% have official guidelines for WBCTT. Eighty-nine percent of the responders state there is a need for common guidelines.
CONCLUSION: Scanning protocols, radiation doses, and routines differ significantly between hospitals and trauma centers. Guideline for WBCTT is presently defined locally in most Nordic hospitals. There is an interest in most Nordic hospitals to endorse new and common guidelines for WBCTT.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 57, no 6, 750-757 p.
CT; adults; trauma; radiation safety; equipment; contrast agents - intravenous
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-282885DOI: 10.1177/0284185115597718ISI: 000375726300018PubMedID: 26271124OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-282885DiVA: diva2:917710