Fibroblast VEGF-receptor 1 expression as molecular target in periodontitis
2016 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Periodontology, ISSN 0303-6979, E-ISSN 1600-051X, Vol. 43, no 2, 128-137 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
AimDegradation of extracellular matrices is an integral part in periodontitis. For antagonizing this pathophysiological mechanism, we aimed at identifying gene expression profiles in disease progression contributing periodontitis-associated fibroblasts (PAFs) versus normal gingival fibroblasts to determine their molecular repertoire, and exploit it for therapeutic intervention. Materials and MethodsApplying an exploratory analysis using a small number of microarrays in combination with a three dimensional (3D) invitro culture model that incorporates some aspects of periodontitis, PAFs were initially characterized by gene-expression analyses, followed by targeted gene down-regulation and pharmacological intervention in vitro. Further, immunohistochemistry was applied for phosphorylation analyses in tissue specimens. ResultsPAFs were characterized by 42 genes being commonly up-regulated >1.5-fold, and by five genes that were concordantly down-regulated (<0.7-fold). Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-receptor 1 (Flt-1) was highly enhanced, and was thus further explored in invitro culture models of periodontal fibroblasts without accounting for the microbiome. Phosphorylation of the VEGF-receptor 1 was enhanced in PAFs. Receptor inhibition by a specific VEGF-receptor inhibitor or intrinsic down-regulation by RNAi of the VEGF-receptor kinase in 3D gel cultures resulted in significant reduction in collagen degradation associated with increased tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase expression, suggesting that Flt-1 may contribute to periodontitis. ConclusionBased on the finding that VEGF-receptor kinase inhibition impaired collagen degradation pathways, Flt-1 may represent a candidate for therapeutic approaches in periodontitis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 43, no 2, 128-137 p.
fibroblasts, Flt-1, gene expression, gingiva, periodontal disease, vascular endothelial growth factor
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-283794DOI: 10.1111/jcpe.12495ISI: 000371828300004PubMedID: 26932322OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-283794DiVA: diva2:919600