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The Heterogeneity of ADHD Symptoms and Conduct Problems: Cognitive Inhibition, Emotion Regulation, Emotionality and Disorganized Attachment
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. (Uppsala Child and Baby Lab)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. (Uppsala Child and Baby Lab)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4310-3224
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Stockholm Univ, Dept Psychol, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2016 (English)In: British Journal of Developmental Psychology, ISSN 0261-510X, E-ISSN 2044-835X, Vol. 34, no 3, 371-387 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examined the contributions of several important domains of functioning to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and conduct problems. Specifically, we investigated whether cognitive inhibition, emotion regulation, emotionality, and disorganized attachment made independent and specific contributions to these externalizing behaviour problems from a multiple pathways perspective. The study included laboratory measures of cognitive inhibition and disorganized attachment in 184 typically developing children (M age = 6 years, 10 months, SD = 1.7). Parental ratings provided measures of emotion regulation, emotionality, and externalizing behaviour problems. Results revealed that cognitive inhibition, regulation of positive emotion, and positive emotionality were independently and specifically related to ADHD symptoms. Disorganized attachment and negative emotionality formed independent and specific relations to conduct problems. Our findings support the multiple pathways perspective on ADHD, with poor regulation of positive emotion and high positive emotionality making distinct contributions to ADHD symptoms. More specifically, our results support the proposal of a temperamentally based pathway to ADHD symptoms. The findings also indicate that disorganized attachment and negative emotionality constitute pathways specific to conduct problems rather than to ADHD symptoms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 34, no 3, 371-387 p.
Keyword [en]
attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, cognitive inhibition, conduct problems, disorganized attachment, emotion regulation, emotionality
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-283742DOI: 10.1111/bjdp.12136ISI: 000380721800005PubMedID: 26895773OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-283742DiVA: diva2:919615
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 412-2008-2401
Available from: 2016-04-14 Created: 2016-04-14 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved

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Forslund, TommieBrocki, Karin

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