Small and large fiber neuropathy in those with type 1 and type 2 diabetes: a 5-year follow-up study
2016 (English)In: Journal of the peripheral nervous system, ISSN 1085-9489, E-ISSN 1529-8027, Vol. 21, no 1, 15-21 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
The purpose of this study was to evaluate progression of diabetic polyneuropathy and differences in the spectrum and evolution of large- and small-fiber involvement in patients with diabetes type 1 and 2 over 5 years. Fifty-nine patients (35 type 1 and 24 type 2) were included. Nerve conduction studies (NCS), quantitative sensory testing, skin biopsy for quantification of intraepidermal nerve fiber density (IENFD), symptom scoring and clinical evaluations were performed. Z-scores were calculated to adjust for the physiologic effects of age and height/gender. Neuropathic symptoms were not significantly more frequent in type 2 than in type 1 diabetic patients at follow-up (54% vs. 37%). The overall mean NCS Z-score remained within the normal range, but there was a small significant decline after 5 years in both groups: type 1 (p = 0.004) and type 2 (p = 0.02). Mean IENFD Z-scores changed from normal to abnormal in both groups, but only significantly in those with type 2 diabetes (reduction from 7.9 +/- 4.8 to 4.3 +/- 2.8 fibers/mm, p = 0.006). Cold perception threshold became more abnormal only in those with type 2 diabetes (p = 0.049). There was a minimal progression of large fiber neuropathy in both groups. Reduction of small fibers predominated and progressed more rapidly in those with type 2 diabetes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 21, no 1, 15-21 p.
diabetes, follow-up study, nerve conduction studies, neuropathy, skin biopsy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-283785DOI: 10.1111/jns.12154ISI: 000372274200003PubMedID: 26663481OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-283785DiVA: diva2:919619