Functional Aspects of Peripheral and Spinal Cord Neurons Involved in Itch and Pain
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
We have investigated the role of the metabotropic glutamate receptor 7 (mGluR7) and the gastrin releasing peptide receptor (Grpr) population that are involved at different levels of itch transmission. We found that mGuR7 deficient mice displayed an anaphylaxis-like behavior when provoked with histamine. Analysis of blood revealed elevated plasma levels of histamine and mouse mast cell protease-1 (mMCP1), two indicators of anaphylaxis, in mGluR7 deficient mice compared with control mice. Inhibition of the neurokinin 1 receptor, by preventing binding of the corresponding ligand substance P (SP), prior to provocation with histamine prevented the development of anaphylaxis in mGluR7 deficient animals. However, blocking GRPR (gastrin releasing peptide receptor) only resulted in decreased itch levels in mGluR7 deficient mice but did not prevent the systemic anaphylaxis-like behavior. Our findings indicate that mGluR7 normally functions as a brake on histaminergic itch that is mediated through GRPR as well as anaphylaxis through Substance P.
Grpr has previously been shown to mediate both histaminergic and non-histaminergic itch but little is known about the GRPR neuronal population. We used a BAC cloning strategy to construct a Grpr-Cre line, which we crossed with the reporter lines tdTomato and Viaat-egfp as well as with Vglut2-lox. We could conclude that Grpr-Cre neurons are mainly excitatory interneurons located in lamina II-IV, that convey itch using VGLUT2-mediated glutamatergic transmission to the next, currently unknown, step in the labeled line of chemical itch.
To eventually deduce the function of the endogenous opioids dynorphin and enkephalin, which are hypothesized to be involved in gating pain and itch in the spinal cord, we constructed two Cre lines using BAC cloning that targeted the precursor proteins preprodynorphin and preproenkephalin, respectively. Preprodynorphin-Cre neurons were mainly located in lamina II-IV and overlapped to 47% with Vglut2 mRNA, while the co-expression with the inhibitory markers Viaat-egfp and PAX2 was 13% and 28% respectively in the spinal cord. Preproenkephalin neurons were more localized to lamina III in the dorsal horn, furthermore single cell analysis showed that they overlapped to 94% with Vglut2 mRNA while 7% and 13% expressed Viaat-egfp and PAX2 respectively.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2016. , 48 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 1222
mGluR7, anaphylaxis, Grpr, Penk, Pdyn, Cre line, BAC cloning, spinal cord, transgenic line
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject Medical Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-284070ISBN: 978-91-554-9568-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-284070DiVA: diva2:919731
2016-06-04, C2:301, Husargatan 3, Uppsala, 09:00 (English)
Schmelz, Martin, Professor
Lagerström, Malin, Associate professorKullander, Klas, Professor
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