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Towards a secure synchronous communication architecture for low-power wireless networks
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Computer Systems. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computer Architecture and Computer Communication. (UNO)
2016 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Internet of Things (IoT) is becoming the future Internet where most day-to-day devices are connected to the Internet. These devices are often resource constrained and use low-power wireless communication. Hence networks of them are called low-power and lossy networks (LLNs). LLN devices may be used in critical applications such as health care, traffic and industrial plants that concern privacy and security, thus their communication has to be protected from malicious activities. LLNs face threats at different levels ranging from transmitting bits wirelessly to applications.

In this thesis, we primarily explore LLN security issues related to application protocols and attacks that target the availability of LLNs. Particularly, we investigate compressing messages of a transport security protocol, DTLS, to make it efficient for LLNs. The IETF proposes to use DTLS for securing CoAP, a specialized web protocol for constrained devices. Furthermore, we experimentally study disrupting the communication of one of the state of the art LLN protocols, Glossy, by attacking its core mechanism.

Secondarily, we aim at improving the performance of TCP in LLNs with mobility over a reliable data link protocol. To this end, we use a Glossy-based communication protocol, LWB, as a reliable data link protocol. We plan to use the evaluation of this work as a stepping stone towards comparing the performance of secure Glossy-based communication protocols.

The main contributions of this thesis are threefold. We propose novel message compression mechanisms for DTLS messages. We also present novel attacks on Glossy, evaluate the effectiveness of them experimentally, and propose potential counter measures. Finally, we show that a reliable data link protocol can improve the performance of TCP in static and mobile settings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala University, 2016.
Series
Information technology licentiate theses: Licentiate theses from the Department of Information Technology, ISSN 1404-5117 ; 2016-004
National Category
Computer Engineering Communication Systems
Research subject
Computer Science with specialization in Computer Communication
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-284331OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-284331DiVA: diva2:920167
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-02-02 Created: 2016-04-17 Last updated: 2017-08-31Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Lithe: Lightweight Secure CoAP for the Internet of Things
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lithe: Lightweight Secure CoAP for the Internet of Things
Show others...
2013 (English)In: IEEE Sensors Journal, ISSN 1530-437X, E-ISSN 1558-1748, Vol. 13, no 10, 3711-3720 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Communication Systems
Research subject
Computer Science with specialization in Computer Communication
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-210206 (URN)10.1109/JSEN.2013.2277656 (DOI)000324337900006 ()
Available from: 2013-08-28 Created: 2013-11-04 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
2. An experimental study of attacks on the availability of Glossy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An experimental study of attacks on the availability of Glossy
2015 (English)In: Computers & electrical engineering, ISSN 0045-7906, E-ISSN 1879-0755, Vol. 41, 115-125 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Communication Systems
Research subject
Computer Science with specialization in Computer Communication
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-252256 (URN)10.1016/j.compeleceng.2014.10.004 (DOI)000352173000011 ()
Available from: 2014-11-15 Created: 2015-05-04 Last updated: 2017-12-04
3. Enabling TCP in mobile cyber-physical systems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Enabling TCP in mobile cyber-physical systems
2015 (English)In: Proc. 12th International Conference on Mobile Ad Hoc and Sensor Systems, IEEE Computer Society, 2015, 289-297 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Cyber-physical systems consist of several wirelessly connected components such as sensors that monitor physical phenomena, computational entities that make decisions based on sensed information and actuators that interact with physical processes. Connecting cyber-physical systems to the Internet using IP protocols increases interoperability by avoiding the need for protocol translation gateways. Unfortunately, in this context TCP has been disregarded since it is known to perform poorly in wireless scenarios as it treats packet loss as an indicator for network congestion rather than poor link quality. In this paper, we use the Low-power Wireless Bus (LWB) as a link layer for TCP/IP, taking advantage of its reliability and its routing-free communication. We design a system that integrates LWB with a low-power IP stack and includes TCP-aware schedulers for LWB. We evaluate our system with experiments on real hardware using uIP, a popular embedded Internet protocol stack. Our results demonstrate high TCP throughput in mobile and static scenarios and, furthermore, show that mobility does not decrease TCP performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE Computer Society, 2015
National Category
Communication Systems
Research subject
Computer Science with specialization in Computer Communication
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-266412 (URN)10.1109/MASS.2015.38 (DOI)000380548300033 ()9781467391016 (ISBN)
External cooperation:
Conference
MASS 2015, October 19–22, Dallas, TX
Available from: 2015-10-22 Created: 2015-11-09 Last updated: 2016-09-15Bibliographically approved

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Hewage, Kasun

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