Functional and comprehensive health literacy levels among refugees in Sweden, and examination of socio-demographic and health related factors associated with inadequate health literacy
2014 (English)In: / [ed] Jany Rademarkers, 2014Conference paper, Presentation (Other academic)
Background: Worldwide there are more than 10 million refugees; of which many have poorer health compared with indigenous populations. Not being able to access, understand, appraise or apply health information; i.e. low health literacy; could be one explanatory factor. The main purposes of this study were to determine functional and complex health literacy levels among refugees in different subgroups in Sweden; and to investigate socio-demographic and health related factors associated with inadequate health literacy.
Method: A cross-sectional study with 455 adult refugees speaking Arabic, Dari, Somali or English; was performed. Data were collected among participants in 16 strategically selected language schools for immigrants. Health literacy was measured by translated versions of The Swedish Functional Health Literacy Scale and The HLS-EU-Q16 questionnaire. Group differences were investigated by using uni- and multivariate statistical methods.
Results: About 60 % of the refugees had inadequate functional health literacy and about 80 % had limited functional health literacy. Regarding complex health literacy; about 27 % had inadequate complex health literacy and about 62 % had limited complex health literacy. Those having low education and/or were born in Somalia had a statistical significant increased risk of having inadequate functional health literacy. Those with inadequate functional health literacy had a statistical significant increased risk of having inadequate complex health literacy.
Conclusions: The majority of refugees participating in the language schools had limited or poor health literacy. Compared with health literacy levels in many indigenous populations; functional as well as complex health literacy showed to be lower among the refugees in the study. Therefore health literacy should be taken into consideration in context and activities affect those. However, more research is needed for a deeper understanding of health literacy among refugees and for development of strategies and methods increasing health literacy as well as facilitating life for those with low health literacy.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
functional health literacy, complex health literacy, refugees, sweden
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject Social Medicine
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-284954OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-284954DiVA: diva2:921031
The pre-conference ‘Patient participation and involvement in health care’ organized before the European Public health conference 2014