Elimination of stabilised hyaluronan from the knee joint in healthy men
2002 (English)In: Clinical Pharmacokinetics, ISSN 0312-5963, Vol. 41, no 8, 603-13 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the elimination of stabilised hyaluronan following intra-articular injection into the knee joint. DESIGN: This was a single-centre, single-dose study in healthy human volunteers. PARTICIPANTS: Six healthy men, aged 28 to 47 (mean 38) years, were enrolled in the study. METHODS: Subjects received a single intra-articular injection (3ml; 20 mg/ml) of (131)I-labelled non-animal stabilised hyaluronic acid (NASHA). Radioactivity in the knee, blood, urine and over the liver was measured with gamma counters for 3 weeks post-injection; magnetic resonance and gamma camera imaging of the knee were also performed at 24 hours post-injection. Radioactivity uptake data were tested for conformity of fit to different mathematical models. RESULTS: Elimination of (131)I-labelled NASHA from the knee was characterised by a fast initial phase and a slow late phase, and conformed to a three-exponential-function model with elimination half-lives of 1.5 hours, 1.5 days and 4 weeks. Radioactivity distribution within the knee joint was homogenous, and no local leakage was observed. Hepatic radioactivity uptake was low, but significantly above background levels, for the first 2 days post-injection, before declining to background levels. Visual imaging indicated an increase in intra-articular fluid volume at 24 hours post-injection. CONCLUSIONS: The elimination kinetics of (131)I-labelled NASHA from the human knee joint were described by three distinct phases, with half-times of 1.5 hours, 1.5 days and 4 weeks. Most likely, the last value reflects the true half-life of NASHA following intra-articular injection since the labelling method used causes minimal modification of hyaluronan.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 41, no 8, 603-13 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-64221PubMedID: 12102643OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-64221DiVA: diva2:92132