Small Masks on Migration Period jewellery.: Replication traditions of Germanic, Roman, Etruscan, and Greek goldsmiths
2016 (English)In: Journal of Archaeology and Ancient History (JAAH), E-ISSN 2001-1199, no 18, 1-70 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The three Swedish gold collars are unique goldsmith masterpieces of the Migration Age, owing to the great number of small beings that inhabit them: animals, humans and hybrids. While most of these figurines were individually carved into the gold and ornated with filigree or granulation, the small masks of the Ålleberg collar stand out as seemingly being replicates. Which method was used to replicate these originally 43 masks on the collar? A thorough study of these masks is presented as well as of the bracteates decorated with replicated or unique masks. Two different techniques are proposed for the manufacture of these small masks, both going back to Roman goldsmith techniques. One of these techniques was widely used in the antique and Germanic worlds and it has its roots in Greek methods of the Classical period. The technique used to make the masks on the Ålleberg collar and on a few of the bracteates is of a much rarer type, which only has parallels in Roman goldsmith techniques of the 2nd – 4th A.D.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala, 2016. no 18, 1-70 p.
goldsmith techniques, Swedish gold collars, Ålleberg, Möne, bracteates, replication, masks, Migration Period, Germanic and Roman
Research subject Archaeology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-286882OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-286882DiVA: diva2:922204