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Feasibility of using DNA-immobilized nanocellulose-based immunoadsorbent for systemic lupus erythematosus plasmapheresis
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
2016 (English)In: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, ISSN 0927-7765, E-ISSN 1873-4367, Vol. 143, 1-6 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The goal of this project was to study the feasibility of using a DNA-immobilized nanocellulose-based immunoadsorbent for possible application in medical apheresis such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) treatment. Calf thymus DNA was bound to high surface area nanocellulose membrane at varying concentrations using UV-irradiation. The DNA-immobilized samples were characterized with scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, and phosphorus elemental analysis. The anti-ds-DNA IgG binding was tested in vitro using ELISA. The produced sample showed high affinity in vitro to bind anti-ds-DNA-antibodies from mice, as much as 80% of added IgG was bound by the membrane. Furthermore, the binding efficiency was quantitatively dependent on the amount of immobilized DNA onto nanocellulose membrane. The described nanocellulose membranes are interesting immunoadsorbents for continued clinical studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 143, 1-6 p.
Keyword [en]
Autoimmune diseases; DNA immobilization; Immunoadsorption; Nanocellulose; Systemic lupus erythematosus
National Category
Nano Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-287474DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2016.03.014ISI: 000376696900001PubMedID: 27011345OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-287474DiVA: diva2:922785
Funder
Knut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationGöran Gustafsson Foundation for promotion of scientific research at Uppala University and Royal Institute of Technology
Available from: 2016-04-25 Created: 2016-04-25 Last updated: 2016-09-02Bibliographically approved

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Xu, ChanggangCarlsson, Daniel O.Mihranyan, Albert
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