This paper will analyze the rise of secessionist movements in the United States and the scalar nature of their agendas. The recent North American Secessionist Convention, held in Burlington, Vermont in November 2006, brought together dozens of secession activists from at least a dozen different secessionist groups such as the Second Vermont Republic, the Cascadian Independence Project, the Alaskan Independence Party, the League of the South, and Christian Exodus. In addition, there is now a secessionist “think tank” in the form of the Middlebury Institute, convener of the convention. This paper discusses the similarities and differences among these groups and considers the role of corporate globalization and U.S. imperialism in providing the impetus for these efforts. Secession as a strategy for creating more responsive and just political entities will be discussed, as well as the obstacles and pitfalls facing this movement.