Metabolism of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 by microsomal and mitochondrial vitamin D3 25-hydroxylases (CYP2D25 and CYP27A1): a novel reaction by CYP27A1
2003 (English)In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids, ISSN 1388-1981, E-ISSN 1388-1918, Vol. 1632, no 1-3, 40-47 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The metabolism of 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) was studied with a crude mitochondrial cytochrome P450 extract from pig kidney and with recombinant human CYP27A1 (mitochondrial vitamin D(3) 25-hydroxylase) and porcine CYP2D25 (microsomal vitamin D(3) 25-hydroxylase). The kidney mitochondrial cytochrome P450 catalyzed the formation of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3), 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) and 25,27-dihydroxyvitamin D(3). An additional metabolite that was separated from the other hydroxylated products on HPLC was also formed. The formation of this 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) metabolite was dependent on NADPH and the mitochondrial electron transferring protein components. A monoclonal antibody directed against purified pig liver CYP27A1 immunoprecipitated the 1alpha- and 27-hydroxylase activities towards 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) as well as the formation of the unknown metabolite. These results together with substrate inhibition experiments indicate that CYP27A1 is responsible for the formation of the unknown 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) metabolite in kidney. Recombinant human CYP27A1 was found to convert 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) into 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3), 25,27-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) and a major metabolite with the same retention time on HPLC as that formed by kidney mitochondrial cytochrome P450. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis of the unknown enzymatic product revealed it to be a triol different from other known hydroxylated 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) metabolites such as 1alpha,25-, 23,25-, 24,25-, 25,26- or 25,27-dihydroxyvitamin D(3). The product had the mass spectrometic properties expected for 4beta,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3). Recombinant porcine CYP2D25 converted 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) into 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) and 25,26-dihydroxyvitamin D(3). It can be concluded that both CYP27A1 and CYP2D25 are able to carry out multiple hydroxylations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 1632, no 1-3, 40-47 p.
Cytochrome P450, 1α-Hydroxylation, 26-Hydroxylation, 27-Hydroxylation, Vitamin D hydroxylase
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-64405DOI: 10.1016/S1388-1981(03)00062-3PubMedID: 12782149OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-64405DiVA: diva2:92316