Coupled electron-nuclear dynamics in resonant 1 sigma -> 2 pi x-ray Raman scattering of CO molecules
2016 (English)In: PHYSICAL REVIEW A, ISSN 2469-9926, Vol. 93, no 3, 032510Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
We present a detailed experimental-theoretical analysis of O K-edge resonant 1 sigma-2 pi inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) from carbon monoxide with unprecedented energy resolution. We employ high-level ab initio calculations to compute the potential energy curves of the states involved in the RIXS process and simulate the measured RIXS spectra using the wave-packet-propagation formalism, including Coulomb coupling in the final-state manifold. The theoretical analysis allows us to explain all the key features of the experimental spectra, including some that were not seen before. First, we clearly show the interference effect between different RIXS channels corresponding to the transition via orthogonal (1)Pi(x) and (1)Pi(y) core-excited states of CO. Second, the RIXS region of 13 eV energy loss presents a triple structure, revealed only by the high-resolution measurement. In previous studies, this region was attributed solely to a valence state. Here we show a strong Coulomb mixing of the Rydberg and valence final states, which opens the forbidden RIXS channels to the "dark" final Rydberg states and drastically changes the RIXS profile. Third, using a combination of high-resolution experiment and high-level theory, we improve the vertical bar 4 sigma(-1)2 pi(1)> final-state potential-energy curve by fitting its bottom part with the experiment. Also, the coupling constants between Rydberg and valence states were refined via comparison with the experiment. Our results illustrate the large potential of the RIXS technique for advanced studies of highly excited states of neutral molecules.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 93, no 3, 032510
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-286660DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.93.032510ISI: 000372399100006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-286660DiVA: diva2:923659
FunderSwedish Research CouncilKnut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation