Platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) responsive epidermis formed from human keratinocytes transduced with the PDGF beta receptor gene.
2003 (English)In: J Invest Dermatol, Vol. 120, 742- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Platelet-derived growth factor is a major proliferative and migratory stimulus for connective tissue cells during the initiation of skin repair processes. In response to injury, locally produced platelet-derived growth factor is secreted by a diversity of cutaneous cell types whereas target activity is confined to cells of mesenchymal origin, e.g. dermal fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells. Although epidermal cells contribute to cutaneous platelet-derived growth factor activity by their ample capacity to secrete platelet-derived growth factor ligand, normal epidermal keratinocytes are not known to express any member of the platelet-derived growth factor receptor family. In order to study if epidermis may be genetically transformed to a platelet-derived growth factor sensitive compartment we aimed to introduce the gene encoding human platelet-derived growth factor receptor beta (PDGF beta R) into epidermal keratinocytes using a retrovirus-derived vector. Successful gene transfer to primary cells was confirmed by immunofluorescence staining, southern blotting, and ligand-induced receptor autophosphorylation. By culturing a mixture of PDGF beta R-transduced and unmodified keratinocytes at the air-liquid interface on devitalized dermis, we were able to establish a multilayered epithelium showing histologic similarities to that evolved from native keratinocytes or keratinocytes transduced with the reporter gene encoding enhanced green fluorescent protein. Receptor-modified epidermal tissue cultured for 6 days and examined by immunofluorescence microscopy was shown to contain PDGF beta R-expressing keratinocytes distributed in all layers of living epidermis. By continued tissue culture in serum-containing medium, the epidermis became increasingly cornified although receptor-positive cells were still observed within the viable basal compartment. Stimulation of PDGF beta R-transduced epidermis with recombinant platelet-derived growth factor BB had a mitogenic effect as reflected by an increased frequency of Ki-67 positive keratinocytes. The study demonstrates that transgene expression of human PDGF beta R can be achieved in epidermal keratinocytes by retroviral transduction, and that ligand activation of such gene-modified skin equivalent enhances cell proliferation. In perspective, viral PDGF beta R gene transfer to keratinocytes may be a useful approach in studies of receptor tyrosine kinase mediated skin repair and epithelialization.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 120, 742- p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-64483OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-64483DiVA: diva2:92394