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Platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) responsive epidermis formed from human keratinocytes transduced with the PDGF beta receptor gene.
Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. (Dermatology and Venereology)
Ludwiginstitutet för Cancerforskning.
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2003 (English)In: J Invest Dermatol, Vol. 120, 742- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Platelet-derived growth factor is a major proliferative and migratory stimulus for connective tissue cells during the initiation of skin repair processes. In response to injury, locally produced platelet-derived growth factor is secreted by a diversity of cutaneous cell types whereas target activity is confined to cells of mesenchymal origin, e.g. dermal fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells. Although epidermal cells contribute to cutaneous platelet-derived growth factor activity by their ample capacity to secrete platelet-derived growth factor ligand, normal epidermal keratinocytes are not known to express any member of the platelet-derived growth factor receptor family. In order to study if epidermis may be genetically transformed to a platelet-derived growth factor sensitive compartment we aimed to introduce the gene encoding human platelet-derived growth factor receptor beta (PDGF beta R) into epidermal keratinocytes using a retrovirus-derived vector. Successful gene transfer to primary cells was confirmed by immunofluorescence staining, southern blotting, and ligand-induced receptor autophosphorylation. By culturing a mixture of PDGF beta R-transduced and unmodified keratinocytes at the air-liquid interface on devitalized dermis, we were able to establish a multilayered epithelium showing histologic similarities to that evolved from native keratinocytes or keratinocytes transduced with the reporter gene encoding enhanced green fluorescent protein. Receptor-modified epidermal tissue cultured for 6 days and examined by immunofluorescence microscopy was shown to contain PDGF beta R-expressing keratinocytes distributed in all layers of living epidermis. By continued tissue culture in serum-containing medium, the epidermis became increasingly cornified although receptor-positive cells were still observed within the viable basal compartment. Stimulation of PDGF beta R-transduced epidermis with recombinant platelet-derived growth factor BB had a mitogenic effect as reflected by an increased frequency of Ki-67 positive keratinocytes. The study demonstrates that transgene expression of human PDGF beta R can be achieved in epidermal keratinocytes by retroviral transduction, and that ligand activation of such gene-modified skin equivalent enhances cell proliferation. In perspective, viral PDGF beta R gene transfer to keratinocytes may be a useful approach in studies of receptor tyrosine kinase mediated skin repair and epithelialization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 120, 742- p.
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-64483OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-64483DiVA: diva2:92394
Available from: 2007-04-25 Created: 2007-04-25 Last updated: 2011-01-13

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Rollman, Ola
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Department of Medical SciencesDepartment of Genetics and Pathology

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