Volume and mass changes over Penny Ice Cap, Baf-fin Island, from 2005-2013 determined from repeat air-borne laser altimetry.
Number of Authors: 5
2014 (English)In: Proceedings of the 2014 IASC Workshop on the dynamics and mass budget of Arctic glaciers / [ed] L. Copland and C.H. Tijm-Reijmer, 2014Conference paper, Abstract (Other academic)
Recent observations of accelerated glacier wastage in Greenland and Alaska haveprompted reassessments of mass balance trends and volume changes on Cana-dian Arctic glaciers and ice caps. While long surface mass balance measurementsare available from glaciers and ice caps in the Queen Elizabeth Islands (e.g., WhiteGlacier, Devon Ice Cap, Meighen Ice Cap), no such records exist for Baffin Islandglaciers. In the absence of such data, air- and space-borne measurements canbe used in combination with in situ data to evaluate historical and recent trendsin ice cover changes. Here, we use repeat laser airborne altimetry surveys con-ducted in 2005 and 2013 by NASA to estimate recent volume and mass changesof Penny Ice Cap, the southernmost large ice cap on Baffin Island ( 66N). Thesedata are validated against in-situ surface mass balance measurements from 2013and IceSat derived elevation change from 2003-2009. Once validated, surface el-evation changes along altimetry lines are extrapolated to the entire ice cap usinga digital elevation model (DEM). Changes in areal extent of the ice cap are con-strained using satellite imagery (e.g. Landsat). From these data we estimate thetotal mass wastage of the ice cap and its recent contribution to sea level rise. Thiswork builds on previous surveys for the period 1995-2005 (Abdalati et al.,2004;Gardneret al.,2012).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Arctic, glaciers, ice caps, mass balance, velocity, radar
Research subject Earth Science with specialization in Physical Geography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-288675OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-288675DiVA: diva2:924386
IASC Workshop on the dynamics and mass budget of Arctic glaciers, Ottawa, Canada, 2014