Prevention of heel pressure ulcers among older patients - from ambulance care to hospital discharge: A multi-centre randomized controlled trial.
2016 (English)In: Applied Nursing Research, ISSN 0897-1897, E-ISSN 1532-8201, Vol. 30, 170-175 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
UNLABELLED: The aim was to investigate the effect of an early intervention, a heel suspension device boot, on the incidence of heel pressure ulcers among older patients (aged 70+).
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers are a global healthcare issue; furthermore, the heel is an exposed location. Research indicates that preventive nursing interventions starting during the ambulance care and used across the acute care delivery chain are seldom used.
METHODS: A multi-centre randomized control study design was used. Five ambulance stations, two emergency departments and 16 wards at two Swedish hospitals participated. Altogether, 183 patients were transferred by ambulance to the emergency department and were thereafter admitted to one of the participating wards.
RESULTS: Significantly fewer patients in the intervention group (n=15 of 103; 14.6%) than the control group (n=24 of 80; 30%) developed heel pressure ulcers during their hospital stay (p=0.017).
CONCLUSIONS: Pressure ulcer prevention should start early in the acute care delivery chain to increase patient safety.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 30, 170-175 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-289119DOI: 10.1016/j.apnr.2015.10.003ISI: 000375340300031PubMedID: 27091274OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-289119DiVA: diva2:924736
Funding: The study was funded by the Uppsala-Orebro Regional Research Council, Uppsala County Council, County Council of Varmland, University of Gavle, Karlstad University, Uppsala University, and Uppsala University Hospital. An unrestricted grant from ETAC AB provided the heel pressure ulcer suspension device (Heelift (R) Standard), but played no role in the design and conduct of the study; the collection, management, analysis or interpretation of the data; or the preparation, review or approval of the manuscript.2016-04-282016-04-282016-06-23Bibliographically approved