Gender Equality Reforms on an Uneven Playing Field: Candidate Selection and Quota Implementation in Electoral Authoritarian Tanzania
2016 (English)In: Government and Opposition, ISSN 0017-257X, E-ISSN 1477-7053, Vol. 51, no 3, 464-486 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This article investigates the dynamics that gender quota reforms create withinand between government and opposition parties in electoral authoritariandominant-party states. A dominant-party state regularly holds relativelycompetitive elections, but the political playing field is skewed in favour of thegovernment party. We investigate the circumstances under which genderquotas’ goal of furthering political gender equality within political parties canbe reconciled with parties’ electoral concerns. We address these issues byanalysing the implementation of reserved seats by the three largest parties inthe dominant-party state of Tanzania. The empirical analysis suggests that theuneven playing field leaves an imprint on the specific priorities parties makewhen implementing candidate selection reforms. Because of large resource gapsbetween parties, the ruling party, Chama Cha Mapinduzi – (CCM), is able toreconcile gender equality concerns with power-maximizing partisan strategies toa greater extent than the opposition parties.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 51, no 3, 464-486 p.
political parties, gender quotas, dominant-party states, Tanzania, gender equality, candidate selection, electoral authoritarianism
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
Research subject Political Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-289265DOI: 10.1017/gov.2016.10ISI: 000375947700006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-289265DiVA: diva2:924950
ProjectsPolitical parties and women’s political representation: The role of bureaucratized candidate selection procedures
FunderSwedish Research Council, 421-2010- 1638