Blood viscosity and peripheral vascular resistance in patients with untreated essential hypertension
1993 (English)In: Journal of Hypertension, ISSN 0263-6352, E-ISSN 1473-5598, Vol. 11, no 7, 731-736 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVES: The viscosity of blood is increased in patients with essential hypertension. The aim of the present study was to investigate the importance of the different variables of blood rheology to total peripheral resistance, and to elucidate whether inappropriate regulation of the formation of erythropoietin could be important. DESIGN: Nineteen consecutive patients with untreated essential hypertension were examined and compared with a group of matched healthy volunteers. METHODS: The haemorheologic variables were assessed by rotational viscometry and the haemodynamic variables by bioimpedance cardiography. The serum concentrations of erythropoietin were determined by radioimmunoassay. RESULTS: The whole blood viscosity and peripheral resistance index were elevated in the hypertensive group. The two variables were positively correlated with each other (r = 0.68, P = 0.0015). The plasma viscosity and erythrocyte aggregation tendency were increased and the erythrocyte deformability, measured as fluidity, was decreased in the hypertensive patients. In the male subpopulation (n = 12) the aggregation tendency was positively, and the deformability negatively, correlated with body mass index. The serum concentrations of erythropoietin were equal in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: The increased total peripheral resistance in patients with essential hypertension may in part be explained by an increased blood viscosity, but the possibility of an opposite cause-effect relationship must also be taken into consideration. The haemorheological abnormalities observed in the present patients cannot be explained by high serum levels of erythropoietin.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1993. Vol. 11, no 7, 731-736 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-64590PubMedID: 8228192OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-64590DiVA: diva2:92501