Segmental and suprasegmental properties in nonword repetition: An explorative study of the associations with nonword decoding in children with normal hearing and children with bilateral cochlear implants
2015 (English)In: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, ISSN 0269-9206, E-ISSN 1464-5076, Vol. 29, no 3, 216-235 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The present study explored nonword repetition (NWR) and nonword decoding in normalhearing (NH) children and in children with cochlear implants (CIs). Participants were 11 children with bilateral CIs, 5:0-7:11 years (M = 6.5 yrs.), and 11 NH children, individually age-matched to the children with CIs. The purpose was twofold; to thoroughly describe aspects of repetition and decoding of novel words and to study possible associations between them. All children were assessed after having practiced with a computer-assisted reading intervention with a phonics approach during four weeks. Results showed that NH children outperformed children with CIs on the majority of aspects of NWR. The analysis of syllable length in NWR revealed that children with CIs made more syllable omissions than did the NH children, and predominantly in prestressed positions. Additionally, the consonant cluster analysis showed significantly more consonant omissions and substitutions in children with CIs suggesting that reaching fine- grained levels of phonological processing was particularly difficult for these children. No significant difference was found for decoding accuracy between the groups, as measured by percent nonwords and percent phonemes correctly decoded, but differences were observed regarding error patterns. Further, phoneme deletions and lexicalizing of nonwords occurred more often in children with CIs than in those with NH. The correlation analysis revealed that the ability to repeat consonant clusters in NWR had the strongest associations to nonword decoding in both groups.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare , 2015. Vol. 29, no 3, 216-235 p.
Nonword repetition, nonword decoding, children, normal hearing, cochlear implants
Other Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-267987DOI: 10.3109/02699206.2014.987926ISI: 000349619700004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-267987DiVA: diva2:925824
This research was funded by The Swedish Research Council for Working Life and Social Sciences, the Linneaus Centers HEAD at Linkoping University, and CCL - Cognition, Communication and Learning at Lund University.2014-07-112015-11-302016-05-03