EVOLUTIONARY TRACKS FOR BETELGEUSE
2016 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 819, no 1, 7Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
We have constructed a series of nonrotating quasi-hydrostatic evolutionary models for the M2 Iab supergiant Betelgeuse (alpha Orionis). Our models are constrained by multiple observed values for the temperature, luminosity, surface composition, and mass loss for this star, along with the parallax distance and high-resolution imagery that determines its radius. We have then applied our best-fit models to analyze the observed variations in surface luminosity and the size of detected surface bright spots as the result of up-flowing convective material from regions of high temperature in the surface convective zone. We also attempt to explain the intermittently observed periodic variability in a simple radial linear adiabatic pulsation model. Based on the best fit to all observed data, we suggest a best progenitor mass estimate of 20(-3)(+5) M-circle dot and a current age from the start of the zero-age main sequence of 8.0-8.5 Myr based on the observed ejected mass while on the giant branch.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 819, no 1, 7
stars: evolution, stars: individual (Alpha Orionis), stars: late-type, stars: mass-loss, stars: oscillations, starspots, supergiants
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-288605DOI: 10.3847/0004-637X/819/1/7ISI: 000372303400007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-288605DiVA: diva2:926138