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Evaluation of different power electronic interfaces for control of a rotating brushless PM exciter
(Hydro Power)
(Hydro Power)
(Hydro Power)
(Hydro Power)
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2016 (English)In: Evaluation of different power electronic interfaces for control of a rotating brushless PM exciter / [ed] IEEE Xplore, 2016Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper investigates the performance of different power electronic interfaces for a rotating brushless permanent magnet exciter, designed for a synchronous generator test setup. A passive rotating diode bridge is commonly used as the rotating interface in conventional brushless excitation systems. Those systems are known to be slow dynamically, since they cannot control the generator field voltage directly. Including active switching components on the rotating shaft, like thyristors or transistors, brushless excitation systems can be comparable to static excitation systems. Brushless excitation systems has the benefit of less regular maintenance. With permanent magnets on the stator of the designed exciter, the excitation system improves its field forcing capability. Results show that modern power electronic interfaces utilize the exciter machine optimally, increase the power factor, reduce the torque pulsations, maintain the available field winding ceiling voltage and improve the field winding controllability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
power electronic interfaces
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Science of Electricity
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-292801DOI: 10.1109/IECON.2016.7794011ISBN: 978-1-5090-3474-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-292801DiVA: diva2:926670
Conference
Annual Conference on of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society 2016 (IECON'16)
Available from: 2016-05-09 Created: 2016-05-09 Last updated: 2017-03-17
In thesis
1. Fast-response rotating brushless exciters for improved stability of synchronous generators
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fast-response rotating brushless exciters for improved stability of synchronous generators
2016 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Norwegian Network Code FIKS from the Norwegian Transmission System Operator (TSO) Statnett, states that synchronous generators ≥ 25 MVA must have a static excitation system. It also includes requirements on the step time response and the available field winding ceiling voltage of the excitation system. An improved brushless excitation system is in operation in some pilot power plants. A rotating thyristor bridge is controlled via Bluetooth. The step time response is as fast as conventional static excitation systems. However, a ceiling voltage factor of 2 requires the thyristor bridge to operate at firing angles about 60 degrees. High torque pulsations, low power factor and low utilization of the exciter is the end result. New power electronic interfaces on the shaft results in a betterutilization of the designed exciter and improves the mechanical performance as well as the controllability of the generator field winding. Permanent magnet rotating exciters increase the field forcing strength of the synchronous generator, yielding improved transient stability (Fault Ride-Through req.). Brushless exciters also reduces regular maintenance of the generator. The thesis includes experiments on a state of the art synchronous generator test setup including constructed PM exciter and different power electronic solutions. Some investigations has been done on industrial power plants as well.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, 2016
Series
UURIE / Uppsala University, Department of Engineering Sciences, ISSN 0349-8352 ; 347-16L
Keyword
synchronous generators, permanent magnet machines, excitation systems, power electronic interfaces
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Science of Electricity
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-292835 (URN)
Presentation
2016-06-13, Häggsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-07-07 Created: 2016-05-09 Last updated: 2016-07-07Bibliographically approved
2. A New Paradigm for Large Brushless Hydrogenerators: Advantages Beyond the Static System
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A New Paradigm for Large Brushless Hydrogenerators: Advantages Beyond the Static System
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The grid code, FIKS, from the Norwegian transmission system operator (TSO), Statnett, states that synchronous generators > 25MVA, must have a static excitation system. However, an improved brushless excitation system is in operation on some commercial power plants (36MVA, 93.75rpm & 52MVA, 166.67rpm) with grid-assisting performance beyond the conventional static system. The convenional diode bridge is replaced with a remote-controlled thyristor bridge on the shaft. If wireless communication is not allowed, a control signal through brushes should be employed instead. The thesis explores the expected new era for large brushless hydrogenerators. The proposed brushless system have benefits of reduced regular maintenance due to elimination of brushes and reduced unscheduled maintenance due to redundancy; causing a redused cost-of-energy. A six-phase exciter design with a hybrid-mode thyristor bridge interface leads to improved fault-tolerance, better controllability, minimized torque pulsations and reduced armature currents of the exciter. Excitation boosting (EB) capability is included in the brushless system without additional components or circuitry, contrary to the static excitation system. The brushless excitation system is made insensitive to voltage dips in the interconnected grid, causing improved fault ride-through (FRT) capability and power system stabilizer (PSS) actions. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2017. 93 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1491
Keyword
Brushless exciters, Rotating exciters, Permanent Magnet Machines, Synchronous Generator Excitation, Thyristor Rectifiers, Chopper Rectifiers
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Science of Electricity
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-317780 (URN)978-91-554-9859-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-05-10, Häggsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Polacksbacken, Lägerhyddsvägen 2, Uppsala, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-04-19 Created: 2017-03-17 Last updated: 2017-04-19

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