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Catalysis and regulation in Rubisco.
Department of Molecular Biology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
2008 (English)In: Journal of Experimental Botany, ISSN 0022-0957, E-ISSN 1460-2431, Vol. 59, no 7, 1555-1568 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) catalyses the incorporation of inorganic CO(2) into the organic molecules of life. Rubisco is extremely inefficient as a catalyst and its carboxylase activity is compromised by numerous side-reactions including oxygenation of its sugar phosphate substrate by atmospheric O(2). The reduction in the catalytic efficiency as a result of these processes has implications for crop yield, nitrogen and water usage, and for the global carbon cycle. Several aspects of Rubisco including its complex biosynthesis and multi-step catalytic reaction are subject to tight control involving light, cellular metabolites, and molecular chaperones. Numerous high-resolution crystal structures of different forms of Rubisco are now available, including structures of mutant enzymes. These provide a molecular framework for the understanding of these processes at the molecular level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 59, no 7, 1555-1568 p.
National Category
Natural Sciences
Research subject
Biology with specialization in Structural Biology
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-292926DOI: 10.1093/jxb/ern091PubMedID: 18417482OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-292926DiVA: diva2:926977
Available from: 2016-05-10 Created: 2016-05-10 Last updated: 2016-05-10

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