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The Prospective Links Between Hyperactive/Impulsive, Inattentive, and Oppositional-Defiant Behaviors in Childhood and Antisocial Behavior in Adolescence: The Moderating Influence of Gender and the Parent–Child Relationship Quality
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2016 (English)In: Child Psychiatry and Human Development, ISSN 0009-398X, E-ISSN 1573-3327, Vol. 47, no 6, 857-870 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We prospectively investigated the effect of child hyperactive/impulsive, inattentive, and oppositional/defiant behaviors on the development of youth antisocial behaviors, and the moderating influence of gender and the parent-child relationship quality in a normative sample. Participants (N = 673, 50 % girls) were assessed at 10 years of age (parent reports) and at age 15 (parent and adolescent reports). Using latent change models, we found that initial levels of, as well as increases in, hyperactivity/impulsivity and oppositional behaviors and initial levels of inattention behaviors predicted youth antisocial behaviors. The increase in oppositional behaviors was predictive of youth antisocial behaviors in girls only. Child hyperactive/impulsive behaviors predicted youth antisocial behaviors only in children for whom the quality of the parent-child relationship deteriorated from childhood to adolescence. Thus, both initial levels of and increases in disruptive behaviors as well as gender are important for understanding the development of antisocial behaviors in adolescence. We received partial support for the hypothesized, moderating role of a high-quality parent-child relationship.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 47, no 6, 857-870 p.
Keyword [en]
Hyperactivity/impulsivity; Inattention; Oppositional-defiant; Antisocial behaviors; Child-parent relationship; Gender
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-293546DOI: 10.1007/s10578-015-0617-0ISI: 000386558500002PubMedID: 26680210OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-293546DiVA: diva2:927935
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2009-0167
Available from: 2016-05-13 Created: 2016-05-13 Last updated: 2016-12-01Bibliographically approved

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