Rare Earth Metal–Free Permanent Magnet Generators
2016 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Permanent magnet (PM) synchronous generators (SGs) are used in renewable energy production. The preferred PM material is neodymium-iron-boron (NdFeB), which has very high performance and, until recently, low cost. In recent years there has emerged a cost and supply insecurity in NdFeB PMs due to export restrictions imposed by China, where the majority of the raw materials are produced. In this thesis various methods of avoiding the use of PM materials based on NdFeB, or other rare earth metals, are investigated.
One approach is the use of the cheap and abundant ferrite PM. A ferrite PM rotor intended to be interchangeable with an NdFeB PM rotor is designed and built. Some initial investigation of the performance of the new rotor, and how this relates to manufacturing tolerances, is also made.
Another approach is to make parameter studies in anticipation of new PM materials. A study of how three different rotor topologies perform with different PM materials, described by their remanence and recoil permeability, is made. The rotor topologies are: a spoke type PM rotor, a surface mounted PM rotor and a capped PM rotor.
It is concluded that a viable replacement rotor can be designed using ferrite PMs. The new rotor will be heavier and mechanically more complex, and give slightly lower output voltage. Losses in the machine will increase slightly. A study is made on the impact of manufacturing tolerances on the performance of the resulting rotor.
The different rotor topologies work best with different PM material properties. The surface mounted PM and capped PM rotors require higher remanence for good performance; the spoke type PM rotor works well with larger amounts of low remanence material. The recoil permeability should be low for the surface mounted and high for the capped PM rotor.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper , 2016. , 51 p.
UURIE / Uppsala University, Department of Engineering Sciences, ISSN 0349-8352 ; UURIE 348-16L
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject Engineering Science with specialization in Science of Electricity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-292963OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-292963DiVA: diva2:928830
2016-06-13, Häggsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 09:15 (English)
Lundmark, Sonja, Docent
Eriksson, SandraMats, Leijon
FunderSwedish Research Council, 2012-4706ÅForsk (Ångpanneföreningen's Foundation for Research and Development), 12-295
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