The use of a genetic algorithm for simultaneous mapping of multiple interacting quantitative trait loci.
2000 (English)In: Genetics, ISSN 0016-6731, E-ISSN 1943-2631, Vol. 155, no 4Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Here we describe a general method for improving computational efficiency in simultaneous mapping of multiple interacting quantitative trait loci (QTL). The method uses a genetic algorithm to search for QTL in the genome instead of an exhaustive enumerative ("step-by-step") search. It can be used together with any method of QTL mapping based on a genomic search, since it only provides a more efficient way to search the genome for QTL. The computational demand decreases by a factor of approximately 130 when using genetic algorithm-based mapping instead of an exhaustive enumerative search for two QTL in a genome size of 2000 cM using a resolution of 1 cM. The advantage of using a genetic algorithm increases further for larger genomes, higher resolutions, and searches for more QTL. We show that a genetic algorithm-based search has efficiency higher than or equal to a search method conditioned on previously identified QTL for all epistatic models tested and that this efficiency is comparable to that of an exhaustive search for multiple QTL. The genetic algorithm is thus a powerful and computationally tractable alternative to the exhaustive enumerative search for simultaneous mapping of multiple interacting QTL. The use of genetic algorithms for simultaneous mapping of more than two QTL and for determining empirical significance thresholds using permutation tests is also discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 155, no 4
Research subject Genetics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-294271PubMedID: 10924492OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-294271DiVA: diva2:929237