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Strong pollinator-mediated selection for increased flower brightness and contrast in a deceptive orchid
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Plant Ecology and Evolution.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Plant Ecology and Evolution.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Plant Ecology and Evolution.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Plant Ecology and Evolution.
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2016 (English)In: Evolution, ISSN 0014-3820, E-ISSN 1558-5646, Vol. 70, no 3, 716-724 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Abstract [en]

Contrasting flower color patterns that putatively attract or direct pollinators toward a reward are common among angiosperms. In the deceptive orchid Anacamptis morio, the lower petal, which makes up most of the floral display, has a light central patch with dark markings. Within populations, there is pronounced variation in petal brightness, patch size, amount of dark markings, and contrast between patch and petal margin. We tested whether pollinators mediate selection on these color traits and on morphology (plant height, number of flowers, corolla size, spur length), and whether selection is consistent with facilitated or negative frequency-dependent pollination. Pollinators mediated strong selection for increased petal brightness (Delta beta(poll) = 0.42) and contrast (Delta beta(poll) = 0.51). Pollinators also tended to mediate stabilizing selection on brightness (Delta gamma(poll) = -0.27, n.s.) favoring the most common phenotype in the population. Selection for reduced petal brightness among hand-pollinated plants indicated a fitness cost associated with brightness. The results demonstrate that flower color traits influence pollination success and seed production in A. morio, indicating that they affect attractiveness to pollinators, efficiency of pollen transfer, or both. The documented selection is consistent with facilitated pollination and selection for color convergence toward cooccurring rewarding species.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 70, no 3, 716-724 p.
Keyword [en]
Anacamptis morio, facilitation, floral evolution, flower color, natural selection, plant-animal interactions, pollination by deceit
National Category
Evolutionary Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-294330DOI: 10.1111/evo.12881ISI: 000372464600016PubMedID: 26878831OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-294330DiVA: diva2:929477
Funder
Swedish Research Council FormasSwedish Research Council
Available from: 2016-05-18 Created: 2016-05-18 Last updated: 2017-01-25Bibliographically approved

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