Development of the Psychiatric Nursing Intervention Providing Structure: An International Delphi Study
2016 (English)In: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, ISSN 1078-3903, E-ISSN 1532-5725, Vol. 22, no 2, 100-111 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric nurses commonly refer to providing structure (PS) as a key intervention. But no consensus exists about what PS entails. PS can be understood as a complex intervention. In four previous studies, a definition, activities, and context variables were described that were presented to experts in a Delphi study. OBJECTIVE: To reach consensus about the definition of PS, its activities, and context variables. DESIGN: In a qualitative study, a Delphi study is used to gather the opinions of experts. The Delphi study consisted of three rounds with statements to score in each round. RESULTS: Experts reached consensus about a definition of PS, its activities, and context variables. Eleven statements related to the definition were accepted. Fourteen statements of a total of 17 statements related to the specific activities reached sufficient agreement, and 4 statements related to context variables were accepted. CONCLUSIONS: A definition could be given of PS with 4 general PS activities, 15 specific activities, and 3 context variables. Psychiatric nurses can use the information about PS to reflect on the use of PS activities within their own working environment, and these insights can help nurses develop their professional growth.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 22, no 2, 100-111 p.
providing structure, psychiatric nursing, nursing intervention
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-294336DOI: 10.1177/1078390316637049ISI: 000373084900002PubMedID: 26944935OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-294336DiVA: diva2:929595