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THE USE OF FORCE AND HUMANITARIAN ACCESS: Violence as a means for aiding the civilian population in Sierra Leone and Liberia
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

There is an ongoing debate about the consequences that the use of force by peacekeepers may have, with humanitarian organizations arguing that violent actions taken by peacekeepers risk humanitarian organizations’ ability to access civilian populations in need of humanitarian relief. The extent of this proclaimed impact that the use of force has on humanitarian access has not been properly scrutinized and this thesis contributes to this research gap by examining how the use of force by UN peacekeepers affects humanitarian organizations’ access to civilian populations. Deriving from literature of war termination, deterrence and peacekeeping this thesis argues that UN peacekeepers that demonstrate willingness and capability to use force will enable humanitarian access to civilian populations. To empirically test the proposed hypothesis a comparative case study was conducted between two cases, Liberia and Sierra Leone, using the method of structured focused comparison. The findings from the empirical analyses of Sierra Leone and Liberia demonstrate low support for the, as there are no strong indications for a causal relationship between the two in either case. Nevertheless, the findings demonstrate that the use of credible force by peacekeepers does not have a negative effect on humanitarian organizations’ access to civilian populations. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 119 p.
Keyword [en]
Peacekeeping, humanitarian access, deterrence, Sierra Leone, Liberia.
National Category
Other Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-294483OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-294483DiVA: diva2:930088
Subject / course
Peace and Conflict Studies
Educational program
Master Programme in Peace and Conflict Studies
Available from: 2016-06-22 Created: 2016-05-22 Last updated: 2016-06-22Bibliographically approved

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