Quantitative Analysis of Cross-Case Variation in Foreign Fighter Presence
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Contemporary civil armed conflict is complex, often displaying a multitude of interconnected grievances and many actors with various levels of power and resources. Simultaneously, the globalized nature of our world opens space for a diverse range of actors to play a role in these conflicts, with external support often coming in the form of arms, military or economic support. This paper focuses on foreign fighters, an understudied element of internationalised armed conflicts and a growing phenomenon posing difficult policy questions for governments worldwide. While most research on this topic focuses on the driving factors that motivate people to leave their home state and travel to another country to fight, such as personal trauma, or discrimination in the home state, this paper asks why some conflicts attract foreign fighter while others do not. I argue that conflict dynamics may play role in incentivizing foreign fighters and through a large-N study of civil war since 1989, this paper tests the hypothesis that one-sided violence leads to the presence of foreign fighters in a civil conflict. Using data from UCDP/PRIO I find a positive and statistically significant relationship between levels of one-sided violence and the presence of foreign fighters in civil conflicts.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 58 p.
Foreign Fighters, One-Sided Violence
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-294491OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-294491DiVA: diva2:930101
Master Programme in Peace and Conflict Studies