Security Sector Reform and Gender Mainstreaming: The Effects of Ethnic Conflict on Gender Mainstreaming in SSR activities in Burundi and Liberia
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
SSR has gained prominence as a post-conflict tool in recent years. The adoption of UNSCR 1325 in 2000 called for the inclusion of women in the peace process. Still, few studies discuss the variation in gender mainstreaming in SSR. This thesis aims to address this gap by answering the question: Why are some SSR initiatives characterized by a high level of gender mainstreaming whereas other are characterized by a low level? The hypothesis is that if the conflict preceding SSR is an ethnic conflict, there will be a lower level of gender mainstreaming in SSR, than if the conflict was not an ethnic conflict. This is based on the theoretical argument that ethnic conflicts have an increased risk for reoccurring violence; hence international actors will prioritize addressing ethnicity instead of gender mainstreaming. The thesis is a structured comparison between two cases with UN SSR missions, Burundi and Liberia. The findings suggest that Liberia have had a higher level of gender mainstreaming but that there is still room to improve the implementation of gender mainstreaming in SSR overall. Other factors, such as bilateral support and local ownership, question the explanatory power of the theory which calls for future research.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 70 p.
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-294498OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-294498DiVA: diva2:930107
Subject / course
Peace and Conflict Studies
Master Programme in Peace and Conflict Studies
Höglund, Kristine, Professor