uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Exploring Structural Factors for Civilian Control over the Military
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Many scholars have been arguing with possible driving factors for civilian control over the military for decades, however there has been no consensus as to concrete factors. So far, only empirical analysis has been dominant in this field of study, and no study has ever tested their validity from a global perspective through statistics. In this paper, the four external factors which would influence on the level of civilian control over the military from the literature review of civil-military relations are identified, namely; professionalism of the military, external/internal threat, the social modernization and military entrepreneurship. Ordered logit regression analysis has been carried out by 4325 samples consisting of 135 countries between 1950-1990. The data revealed that the hypotheses of professionalism of military and military entrepreneurship are strongly approved by the statistical analysis, while the hypothesis of social modernization was only weakly supported with less statistical significance. The hypothesis of external/internal threat was rejected because external threat is found to be a negative factor for the level of civilian control over the military while the hypothesis assumes that it is a positive factor. Also, the analysis on each region, Latin America, Africa, the Middle East and Asia-Pacific shows that some variables get opposite effects from what the hypotheses expect or lose statistical significance. This result implies the limitation of generalization of the hypotheses. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 73 p.
Keyword [en]
civil-military relations, civilian control over the military
National Category
Political Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-294508OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-294508DiVA: diva2:930123
Subject / course
Social and Political Studies
Educational program
Master Programme in Peace and Conflict Studies
Available from: 2016-06-22 Created: 2016-05-23 Last updated: 2016-06-22Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(769 kB)10 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 769 kBChecksum SHA-512
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Department of Peace and Conflict Research
Political Science

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 10 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 10 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link