The art of nonviolent political action: A comparative analysis of campaigns in Burkina Faso and the Republic of Congo
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
This study explores why some nonviolent political campaigns succeed while others do not. It does so by testing a hypothesis predicting that campaigns with more broad-based participation have higher chances of success. Broad-based participation, which refers to the quantity and diversity of campaign participants, is argued to increase the chance of loyalty shifts among key supporters of the regime – of the security forces in particular – which in turn pressures regimes into meeting campaign demands. To test this theory I conduct a structured, focused case comparison of a successful nonviolent political campaign in Burkina Faso (in 2014) and a failed campaign in the Republic of Congo (in 2015-2016). The empirical findings support the hypothesis, although the economic and political incentives of the military also most likely played a central role. Other additional findings highlight the potential need for third-party support, the significance of having the right leadership, and the damaging effects of a regime’s counter- mobilization tactics.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 65 p.
Nonviolent Political Action, Campaign Outcome, Constitutional Amendment, Burkina Faso, the Republic of Congo
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-294511OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-294511DiVA: diva2:930138
Subject / course
Peace and Conflict Studies
Master Programme in Peace and Conflict Studies