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The art of nonviolent political action: A comparative analysis of campaigns in Burkina Faso and the Republic of Congo
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This study explores why some nonviolent political campaigns succeed while others do not. It does so by testing a hypothesis predicting that campaigns with more broad-based participation have higher chances of success. Broad-based participation, which refers to the quantity and diversity of campaign participants, is argued to increase the chance of loyalty shifts among key supporters of the regime – of the security forces in particular – which in turn pressures regimes into meeting campaign demands. To test this theory I conduct a structured, focused case comparison of a successful nonviolent political campaign in Burkina Faso (in 2014) and a failed campaign in the Republic of Congo (in 2015-2016). The empirical findings support the hypothesis, although the economic and political incentives of the military also most likely played a central role. Other additional findings highlight the potential need for third-party support, the significance of having the right leadership, and the damaging effects of a regime’s counter- mobilization tactics.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 65 p.
Keyword [en]
Nonviolent Political Action, Campaign Outcome, Constitutional Amendment, Burkina Faso, the Republic of Congo
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-294511OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-294511DiVA: diva2:930138
Subject / course
Peace and Conflict Studies
Educational program
Master Programme in Peace and Conflict Studies
Available from: 2016-06-22 Created: 2016-05-23 Last updated: 2016-06-22Bibliographically approved

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