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The Impact of Security Forces’ Behavior on Levels of Organized Violence after Security Sector Reform: A qualitative study of rural provinces in Burundi
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The thesis explores the understudied subject of provincial variations in outcomes after

Security Sector Reform, by examining how security forces’ behavior affect organized

violence provincially. By contributing to research on organized violence and peacebuilding

focusing on SSR with a regional focus, the thesis seeks an answer to why there is organized

violence in some provincial areas but not others, after the initiation of a SSR program? Based

on theories of state repression, it is hypothesized that security forces’ abusive behavior leads

to higher levels of organized violence. Further, based in counterinsurgency literature, I

theoretically develop that security forces’ participation in post-conflict reconstruction

decreases levels of organized violence. The study tests these hypotheses by employing

structured focus comparisons and process tracing of four provinces in Burundi during 2004-

2014. The study finds partial support for both hypotheses. In some cases abusive behavior

have escalated organized violence, and in some cases reconciling behavior decrease organized

violence. The causal path suggests, beyond the level of trust and distrusts in society and

towards security forces, other factors to correlate and perhaps condition the relationships.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 69 p.
Keyword [en]
Organized Violence, Security Sector Reform, State Repression, Counterinsurgency, Burundi
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-294540OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-294540DiVA: diva2:930460
Subject / course
Peace and Conflict Studies
Educational program
Master Programme in Peace and Conflict Studies
Available from: 2016-06-22 Created: 2016-05-24 Last updated: 2016-06-22Bibliographically approved

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