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Svensk-finsk språkblandning i Finlands medeltidsdiplom
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
2016 (Swedish)In: Studier i svenskspråkhistoria 13: Historia och språkhistoria / [ed] Daniel Andersson, Lars-Erik Edlund, Susanne Haugen & Asbjørg Westum, Umeå, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper I will examine the mixing of Swedish and Finnishin medieval charters from Finland from the 14th to the 16th century. In thesecharters, where Swedish from the mid-14th century onwards functions asthe de jure framing language, one can find embedded Finnish-languagelinguistic segments, mainly in complex personal and topographic designations.Apart from Finnish proper nouns, flectional and derivational endingsabound, and there are even sporadic occurrences of common nouns.With evidence from research in other mixed-language texts from medievalEurope, I present the following four main conditioning factors formixed language text formation as identified by previous scholars: 1) scriballinguistic deficiency, 2) traces of oral language, 3) pragmatic benefits of theuse of vernacular for achieving intelligibility, and 4) scribal multilingualism.In earlier research, the aforementioned language-mixing has hardlybeen commented on, and if it has been it has mostly been considered to betranscribed oral language rendered in a more or less obscured manner bynon-Finnish-speaking Swedish scribes. I argue that all of the four abovementionedconditioning factors for written language-mixing must be consideredin studying fragmentary vernacular language in Finnish charters.What might seem to be linguistic confusion at first glance can instead beinterpreted as multilingual proficiency and an intentional use of multilingualresources for communicative ends.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå, 2016.
, NORDSVENSKA 25, ISSN 0282-7182 ; 25
Keyword [en]
Swedish, Finnish, Middle-Ages, Language Contact
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-295213ISBN: 978-91-88466-90-7ISBN: 978-91-86438-57-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-295213DiVA: diva2:933185
Svenska språkets historia 13
Available from: 2016-06-03 Created: 2016-06-03 Last updated: 2016-06-03

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