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Gymnasieelevers kunskap och attityder om psykisk ohälsa: En enkätstudie i årskurs 3
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Psykisk ohälsa är ett växande folkhälsoproblem som kryper allt lägre ner i åldrarna. Trots välfärdssamhällets insatser och möjligheter till ett bra liv är det överraskande med det stora antalet rapporter om barn- och ungdomars försämrade psykisk ohälsa. Hos ungdomar är det framförallt depression, ångest och beroendesjukdomar som ökar. Ett stort hinder för att främja och uppnå psykisk hälsa och välbefinnande är stigmatisering, negativa attityder och felaktiga föreställningar om psykisk sjukdom och ohälsa. Kunskap om psykisk ohälsa har visat sig vara en effektiv metod för att öka medvetenhet om och attityder till psykisk ohälsa. Syftet med den här studien var att undersöka vad gymnasieelever har för kunskap om och attityder till psykisk ohälsa och att undersöka om det fanns någon skillnad i kunskap mellan de som hade egen erfarenhet eller inte. Därtill undersökte studien om gymnasieeleverna hade fått utbildning om psykisk ohälsa och oml de önskade mer av detta. Metod: Kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie. Enkäten MAKS. I studien deltog 55 elever i årskurs 3 ifrån två gymnasieskolor i en stad i Mellansverige. Resultat: Det framkom att gymnasieleverna överlag har en god kunskap om och positiva attityder till psykisk ohälsa. Ett stort antal av de tillfrågade hade egen erfarenhet av psykisk ohälsa och majoriteten var intresserade av mer utbildning inom ämnet. En signifikant skillnad framkom mellan den grupp som hade egen erfarenhet av psykisk ohälsa och de som inte hade det. Denna skillnaden visade sig i påståendet om bipolärsjukdom var en psykisk sjukdom eller ej där den grupp med egenerfarenhet av psykisk ohälsa i större grad svarade att de höll med om påståendet. Ingen signifikantskillnad i kunskapsläge framkom i resterande frågor eller påståenden. Slutsats: Den här studien visar att de tillfrågade gymnasieeleverna överlag innehar en god kunskap och positiv attityd till psykisk ohälsa.

Abstract [en]

Background: Mental health is a growing public health problem. Despite the social welfare activities and opportunities for a good life, it is surprising the large number of reports of children's and young people's deteriorating mental health. In adolescents, it is particularly depression, anxiety and addiction disorders that increase. A major obstacle to promote and achieve mental health and wellbeing is stigmatization, negative attitudes and misconceptions about mental illness and ill health. Knowledge of mental illness has proven to be an effective method to increase the awareness of and attitudes to mental illness. The purpose of this study was to investigate the upper secondary school pupils knowledge and attitudes about mental illness and to investigate whether there was any difference in knowledge between those who had personal experience or not. In addition, the study investigated whether the high school students had received training on mental illness and if they wanted more of this. Method: Quantitative cross-sectional study. The survey MAKS. The study enrolled 55 students in grades 3 from two high schools in a town in central Sweden. Results: It was revealed that the high school students generally had a good knowledge of and positive attitudes towards mental illness. A large number of respondents had personal experience of mental illness and the majority were interested in more training in the subject. A significant difference was found between the group who had personal experience of mental illness and those who had not. This difference was shown in the statement of bipolar disorder was a mental illness or not, where the group with personal experience of mental ill health to a greater extent replied that they agreed with the statement. No significant difference in the level of knowledge emerged in the remaining questions or statements. Conclusion: This study shows that the surveyed high school students generally possess a good knowledge and positive attitude to mental illness. Proposals for future research is to investigate more deeply the nature of knowledge about mental illness that young people possess and whether there is a need to teach strategies for the young people themselves should be able to pay attention to symptoms and self-care needs in mental illness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 30 p.
Keyword [en]
Knowledge, Attitude, High school students, Mental health
Keyword [sv]
Kunskap, Attityd, Gymnasieelever, Psykisk ohälsa
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-295538OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-295538DiVA: diva2:934013
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Specialistsjuksköterskeprogrammet med inriktning mot psykiatrisk vård
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-13 Created: 2016-06-07 Last updated: 2016-06-13Bibliographically approved

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