The Model and Making of Ethnic Federalism in Ethiopia: Identifying the Problems to Find the Solution
2016 (English)Conference paper (Other academic)
In Ethiopia the idea of ethnic based self-rule came as a result of mistrust of central government. In 1991 the EPRDF government decentralized power and declared self-governing principle and conferred ethnic groups with power. The ethnic Federal Government and the ethnic regional states are not one and the same, and one is not the extension of the other. Even if there is a convergence between the Federal Government and the ethnic regional states, since both make up the strategic components of solving ethnic conflicts on a permanent basis, there are fundamental differences in the power, functions and purposes of ethnic federation and ethnic regions. The fundamental purpose of ethnic Federal Government is to achieve unity and understanding among the constituent ethnic groups. On the other hand, the regional ethno-linguistically defined states are the focal points where one locates primarily the contradiction between competing political and economic interest groups belonging to the same ethnic group. Because of systemic complexity both at the federal and regional levels, ethnic federation is apparently dependent on democratic rules and it requires democracy for its successful accomplishment. Consociationalism is the type of decision making process and mechanism which fits the kind of constitutional structure at the federal level. At the regional level devolution of power can only be a real self-governing exercise if it is based on the principles of democratic governance.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Ethnic Federal Government, Ethnic Regional States, Conflict, Consociationalism, Good Governance
International Migration and Ethnic Relations
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-295618OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-295618DiVA: diva2:934164
9th International Conference on African Development, May 27-28, 2016 Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia