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Knowledge and beliefs about HPV and HPV vaccine among young Thai females
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is the recognized main reason for developing cervical cancer. HPV vaccine given to females is the most effective prevention. Purpose: To investigate knowledge and beliefs about HPV, cervical cancer and HPV vaccine among young Thai females in north-eastern part of Thailand. Further, to discover potential differences between those stating having knowledge about HPV and cervical cancer (group SHK), and those stating not having knowledge about HPV and cervical cancer (group SNHK). Method: A cross-sectional survey using a questionnaire about knowledge and beliefs of HPV where 221 young Thai females, aged 18-21, participated. Orem’s self-care theory was used as theoretical framework. Result: Less than 50 % of the participants knew about visible signs and symptoms of HPV infection. However, over 70 % had knowledge regarding HPV´s relation to sexual activity. Internet was the greatest source of information about HPV. Participants had positive belief towards the vaccine and more than 95% wished to get vaccinated. Group SHK had more knowledge then group SNHK with significant difference in seven out of fourteen knowledge items, and showed more positive beliefs with significant difference in six out of sixteen belief statements. Conclusion: The overall level of knowledge about HPV and cervical cancer was insufficient. However, this did not affect the participant’s beliefs in the subject negatively. Health care should provide viable internet sites with information about HPV to ensure that young Thai females get requisites, enabling self-care on preventing HPV infections by vaccination. 

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Humant Papillom Virus (HPV) är den erkänt främsta orsaken till livmoderhalscancer. Vaccinering av unga kvinnor är den erkänt mest effektiva preventionen. Syfte: Att undersöka kunskap och åsikter om HPV, livmoderhalscancer och HPV vaccin bland unga thailändska kvinnor i nordöstra Thailand. Vidare, att undersöka om det fanns några skillnader mellan dem som säger sig ha kunskap om HPV och livmoderhalscancer (grupp SHK) och de som säger sig inte ha någon kunskap om HPV och livmoderhalscancer (grupp SNHK). Metod: En tvärsnittsstudie med ett frågeformulär om kunskap och åsikter om HPV som 221 unga thailändska kvinnor, i åldern 18-21, besvarade. Dorotea Orems omvårdnadsteori användes som teoretisk ram. Resultat: Mindre än 50 % av deltagarna hade kunskap om symtom av en HPV infektion. Över 70 % hade kunskap om HPV och dess relation till sexuell aktivitet. Största källan för information om HPV var internet. Deltagarna hade positiva åsikter inför vaccinet, mer än 95 % skulle vilja vaccinera sig. Grupp SHK hade mer kunskap än grupp SNHK med signifikant skillnad i sju av fjorton kunskapsämnen, och visade mer positiva åsikter med signifikant skillnad i sex av sexton påståenden rörande åsikter. Slutsats: Nivån av kunskap rörande HPV och livmoderhalscancer är otillräcklig, men det påverkar inte unga thailändska kvinnors åsikter om HPV vaccin i negativ riktning. Hälso- och sjukvården bör erbjuda korrekta och trovärdiga websidor med information om HPV för att ge unga thailändska kvinnor de förutsättningar som krävs för egenvård i prevention av HPV infektion genom vaccinering.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
Thailand, HPV, beliefs, knowledge, young females
Keyword [sv]
Thailand, HPV, åsikter, kunskap, unga kvinnor
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-295648OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-295648DiVA: diva2:934294
External cooperation
Nakhon Phanom University
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-10 Created: 2016-06-08 Last updated: 2016-06-10Bibliographically approved

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